Se relevant à peine des effets d'Irma deux semaines plus tôt, qui avaient laissé 80 000 personnes sans électricité, la compagnie de production électrique de Porto Rico (PREPA) était déjà en faillite et à court de personnel pour réparer ses installations[91]. [175] The idea would be to supplement the existing electrical grid with power from solar and wind farms. [3] The official estimate of 2,975 is based on a study commissioned by the governor of Puerto Rico,[3] where researchers at George Washington University developed statistical models of excess mortality attributable to Maria, including both direct and indirect fatalities. Le mur de l'œil externe de Maria a traversé l'île de Sainte-Croix alors que l'ouragan était de catégorie 5. [266] Governor Rosselló subsequently ordered an audit of the contract's budget. [136], Two weeks after the hurricane, international relief organization Oxfam chose to intervene for the first time on American soil since Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Les pluies entraînèrent une surcharge des barrages dont celui de Guajataca, affecté par des problèmes structuraux liés à une forte érosion, forçant des dizaines de milliers de personnes à évacuer en aval[98]. [145] By October 3, there were 39 commercial flights per day from all Puerto Rican airports, about a quarter of the normal number. En doublant le cap le lendemain, le système redevient temporairement un ouragan de catégorie 1 mais redescend une seconde fois en tempête tropicale le 28 septembre au matin en s'éloignant vers le nord-est[23]. A month after the hurricane, most hospitals were open,[138] but most were on backup generators that provide limited power. [102], The hurricane completely destroyed the island's power grid, leaving all 3.4 million residents without electricity. 19. Le navire a transporté deux hélicoptères Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk pour aider à la distribution des fournitures de secours dans les zones difficiles à atteindre[110]. [244], San Juan Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz called the disaster a "terrifying humanitarian crisis" and on September 26 pleaded for relief efforts to be sped up. After weakening slightly due to crossing Dominica, Maria achieved its peak intensity over the eastern Caribbean with maximum sustained winds of 175 mph (280 km/h) and a pressure of 908 mbar (hPa; 26.81 inHg). Total losses from the hurricane are estimated at upwards of $91.61 billion (2017 USD), mostly in Puerto Rico, ranking it as the third-costliest tropical cyclone on record. [74] In Maria's wake, Dominica's population suffered from an island-wide water shortage due to uprooted pipes. Au matin du 26 septembre, la tempête a inondé la route 12 de la Caroline du Nord le long de la côte[29]. Le gouvernement du territoire a ainsi dû contraindre 56 petites entreprises à aider à restaurer l'électricité[115]. At its peak, the hurricane caused catastrophic destruction and numerous fatalities across the northeastern Caribbean, compounding recovery efforts in the areas of the Leeward Islands already struck by Hurricane Irma. [58][62] Numerous roads and streets, especially along the northern coast, were impassible due to rock slides, fallen trees and toppled power poles. [16] Maria weakened significantly while traversing Puerto Rico, but was able to restrengthen to a major hurricane once it emerged over the Atlantic later that afternoon, eventually attaining a secondary peak intensity with winds of 125 mph (205 km/h) on September 22, while north of Hispaniola. People are trying to be strong in Dominica, like everything is fine, but it's not. [38] Damage from Maria across Guadeloupe amounted to at least €100 million (US$120 million). La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 28 novembre 2020 à 09:42. Rosselló orders audit of Whitefish contract to fix power grid", "Puerto Rico's Power Authority Cancels Controversial Whitefish Contract", "Power restored to those hit by Puerto Rico blackout", "Puerto Rico hit with island-wide blackout", "Investigation: Cruise start-up French America Line took customer money, didn't deliver", "Hurricane names Harvey, Irma, Maria and Nate being retired", Tropical Cyclone Report on Hurricane Maria 5 April 2018, A Walk Through Dominica, Hours After Hurricane Maria, Overview of Federal Efforts to Prepare for and Respond to Hurricane Maria, 2017 Hurricane Season FEMA After-Action Report, Hurricane María's Water Footprint by USGS.gov, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hurricane_Maria&oldid=998508656, Hurricanes in the United States Virgin Islands, September 2017 events in the United States, 2017 natural disasters in the United States, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles with disputed statements from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 18:14. Le radar météorologique NEXRAD de Porto Rico est littéralement parti au vent. [117], Torrential rains and strong winds impacted the Dominican Republic as Maria tracked northeast of the country. Des veilles de tempête tropicale ou d'ouragan sont également émises pour les autres îles du Vent à partir de Saint-Vincent-et-les-Grenadines[5]. [103], Hurricane Maria caused landslides across the island and in some municipalities there were more than 25 landslides per square mile. "[161] After remaining offshore for three weeks, the Comfort docked in San Juan on October 27, briefly departing only once to restock at sea from a naval resupply ship. [209] A year later, repairs to homes were not completed, schools were shuttered, and residents were suffering from depression. Au 22 septembre, il est estimé par les autorités que 110 maisons furent détruites, 570 endommagées et 3 723 touchées par des inondations. In Rosalie, rushing waters gushed over the village's bridge and damaged facilities in its bay area. [72][75], The infrastructure of Roseau was left in ruins; practically every power pole and line was downed, and the main road was reduced to fragments of flooded asphalt. After landfall, wind gusts of 109 mph (175 km/h) were reported at Yabucoa Harbor and 118 mph (190 km/h) at Camp Santiago. [69] Initial ham radio reports from the capital of Roseau on September 19 indicated "total devastation," with half the city flooded, cars stranded, and stretches of residential area "flattened". La région de Basse-Terre a subi de graves dommages et près de 100 % de ses cultures de bananes, une superficie totale de plus de 2 000 hectares, furent complètement anéanties selon les agriculteurs[73]. :D L'ouragan Maria avait commencer sa tour le 6 septembre,2001. [124] The Royal Canadian Navy vessel HMCS St. John's was dispatched to Dominica[125] at the request of Dominican Prime Minister Skerrit. Il continuait son lent déplacement dans la direction Nord-Ouest avec une vitesse de 15km/h. [166] On September 29, the amphibious assault ship USS Wasp which had been providing relief activities to the island of Dominica was diverted to Puerto Rico. [188] On October 20, only 18.5% of the island had electricity, 49.1% of cell towers were working, and 69.5% of customers had running water, with the slowest restoration in the north. [182], On October 10, 2017, Carnival Cruise Lines announced that it would resume departures of cruises from San Juan on October 15, 2017. The NRDC reported that seventy percent of the island had water that did not meet the standards of the 1974 Safe Drinking Water Act. [7] By September 25, it passed over cooler sea surface temperatures that had been left behind by Hurricane Jose a week prior, causing its inner core to collapse and the structure of the storm to change significantly. Il sera remplacé par Margot en 2023[3]. Almost two years after Maria, shelters remained operational as many homes still lacked significant roofing. [77][78] Outside the capital area, the worst of the destruction was concentrated around the east coast and rural areas, where collapsed roads and bridges isolated many villages. [51] The agricultural sector, especially the banana industry, suffered losses from the winds. Les vagues ont causé l'érosion des plages au terminal du traversier à l'extrémité nord de l'île d'Ocracoke et inondé le stationnement où les véhicules attendent d'embarquer dans le ferry. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. [218][210], In September 2018, President Trump disputed the revised death toll. Le port de Morehead City fut fermé par la Garde côtière des États-Unis le matin du 26 septembre[29]. Le Corps des ingénieurs de l'armée des États-Unis déploya 670 personnes pour l'évaluation et la restauration du réseau électrique. Les vents soutenus les plus forts furent signalés le long de la côte sud de l'île de Basse-Terre à Gourbeyre (162 km/h) et Baillif (148 km/h)[75]. [265] The decision to hire such a tiny company was considered highly unusual by many, such as former Energy Department official Susan Tierney, who stated: "The fact that there are so many utilities with experience in this and a huge track record of helping each other out, it is at least odd why [the utility] would go to Whitefish". Eleven cargo vessels collectively carrying 1.3 million liters of water, 23,000 cots, and dozens of generators arrived. It was the first storm on record to affect all of those areas. [108][109], The NEXRAD Doppler weather radar of Puerto Rico was blown away. 3000 people did not die in the two hurricanes that hit Puerto Rico. [247] President Donald Trump responded to accusations that he does not care about Puerto Rico: "Puerto Rico is very important to me, and Puerto Rico—the people are fantastic people. [264] Several representatives, both Democrats and Republicans, also voiced their concern over the choice to contract Whitefish instead of other companies. Overview. Elles furent isolées du reste de l'archipel durant plusieurs jours[77],[78]. And these are great people, and we have to help them. Onze vols étaient déjà arrivés avec 200 000 repas, 144 000 litres d'eau et des bâches[116]. Les pluies furent également importantes car en 24 heures, l'ouragan laissa l'équivalent de près d'un mois de précipitations à certains endroits. [86] Another person was killed upon being swept out to sea. A charity called Light Up Puerto Rico raised money to both purchase and deliver solar products, including solar panels, on Oct. Des rafales de 182 à 190 km/h furent signalées à Camp Santiago et dans le port de Yabucoa, près de l'endroit où l’œil toucha la côte[86]. Significant spikes in causes of deaths compared to the two preceding Septembers included sepsis (+47%), pneumonia (+45%), emphysema (+43%), diabetes (+31%), and Alzheimer's and Parkinson's (+23%). [189] On November 5, more than 100,000 people had left Puerto Rico for the mainland. [261][262], After the official death toll was updated to the estimated 2,975 on August 28, 2018, President Donald Trump stated that he still believed the federal government did a "fantastic job" in its hurricane response . Un homme de 45 ans est mort noyé Le maire de San Juan, Carmen Yulín Cruz, a qualifié la catastrophe d'une « crise humanitaire terrifiante » et plaidé pour que les efforts de secours soient augmentés dès le 26 septembre[142]. [148], On September 24, the amphibious assault ship USS Kearsarge and the dock landing ship USS Oak Hill under Rear Admiral Jeffrey W. Hughes along with the 2,400 marines of the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit arrived to assist in relief efforts. Le général Joseph L. Lengyel, chef du Bureau de la garde nationale, a défendu la réponse de l'administration Trump et a réitéré que les efforts de secours étaient entravés par Porto Rico étant une île plutôt que sur le continent[144]. En arrivant sur la Guadeloupe, Maria est réévalué en catégorie 5[8], soit aussi puissant que l'ouragan Hugo. [211] However, many people feel that this amount is insufficient, and worry it will not help the day-to-day lives of ordinary affected Puerto Ricans. ", "Puerto Ricans Concerned That $20 Billion Recovery Plan Is 'Not For The People, "FEMA Has Rejected 60 Percent of Assistance Requests in Puerto Rico. [205], As a consequence of the hurricane, a population drop of approximately 14% was forecasted, due to an exodus to the mainland United States, according to a research study conducted by the Center for Puerto Rican Studies of Hunter College. [60] Even greater quantities fell at higher elevations of Basse Terre Island, with a maximum total of 18.07 in (459 mm) measured at the mountainous locality of Matouba, Saint-Claude. Maria is the deadliest hurricane in Dominica since the 1834 Padre Ruíz hurricane[4] and the deadliest in Puerto Rico since the 1899 San Ciriaco hurricane. This is an event without precedent. Son remplacement prendra quelques mois. Deux personnes sont disparues en mer après que leur navire ait chaviré au large de La Désirade, à l'est de la Grande-Terre[78], seront déclarées mortes par la préfecture le 5 décembre 2017[35]. Care packages were coming in to Puerto Rico from all over and USPS hired temporary workers and had workers delivering packages 7 days a week, to help with the brunt. À 21h35 local (1 h 35 UTC le 19 septembre), l’œil de Maria est passé directement sur l'île et des vents extrêmes de 260 km/h soufflèrent au loin les toits de nombreuses maisons, y compris la résidence officielle du Premier ministre Roosevelt Skerrit. As time went by it did not go up by much. These facts led to accusations of privatization and cronyism, though Zinke dismissed these claims and stated that he had no role in securing the contract. Coffee was the worst affected crop, with 18 million coffee trees destroyed, which will require about five to ten years to bring back at least 15% of the coffee production of the island. [35], Blustery conditions spread over Guadeloupe as Maria tracked to the south of the archipelago, which endured hours of unabating hurricane-force winds. [220][221] There were 238 more reported deaths in September and October 2017 than during the same months in 2016, and 336 more compared to September and October 2015. Maria toucha ensuite la côte de Porto Rico au sud de Yabucoa vers 10 h 15 UTC avec des vents soutenus de 250 km/h[17]. [135] On October 6, a little more than two weeks after the hurricane, 89% still had no power, 44% had no water service, and 58% had no cell service. Selon une mise à jour préliminaire de l'Agence de gestion des situations d'urgence en cas de catastrophe des Caraïbes (CDEMA) du 19 septembre, on comptait 6 morts sur La Dominique[65]. Les premiers rapports de Roseau indiquèrent une « dévastation totale », avec la moitié du village inondé, les voitures parties avec la crue des eaux et la zone résidentielle « aplaties »[59],[60]. [66] Maria made landfall at 21:15 AST that day (1:15 UTC, September 19) as a Category 5 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 165 mph (270 km/h). [30] Using anonymous aggregate cell phone tracking data provided by Google from users that opted to share location data, researchers reported that travel from Puerto Rico increased 20% the day before the hurricane made landfall. [32] Ferry service between Ocracoke and Cedar Island was suspended the evening of September 25, and remained suspended on September 26 and 27, due to rough seas, while ferry service between Ocracoke and Hatteras Island was suspended on September 26 and 27. Les inondations et les glissements de terrain ont rendu les routes infranchissables, isolant 38 communautés[106]. Calculation from provided monthly statistics.